Arizona state laws require children to get certain immunizations against diseases before they head back to school. Whenever kids start school, they can be exposed to new bacteria and diseases that other kids picked up over summer vacation. Make sure you get your child up to date on their vaccinations so they start school next August ready to fight off any infections they come into contact with. Our Gilbert and Mesa Pediatric Urgent Care centers do not do immunizations, but here is a list of the immunizations your child needs at every age so you are aware before heading into your pediatrician.
Children are required to get a Hepatitis B shot after they are born. This immunization takes place in 3 stages over the first 18 months of their life. The first shot is given shortly after the child is born. The second shot is usually given some time between the ages of 2 and 4 months. The final stage of the vaccination should be given when the child is between 12 and 18 months old. The Hepatitis B Vaccination (HBV) prevents liver disease and liver cancer throughout childhood and is mandatory for children to enroll in school.
The DTaP is actually a vaccination against three different diseases: Diptheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis (whooping cough). Like the HBV, it is given in stages over time. The shots are recommended at age 2, 4, 6, and 15 months. This vaccine prevents against deadly respiratory infections and bacteria that attack the nervous system.
While Polio has not been present in the United States since 1955, it is still present in other developing countries and is required for children to receive prior to beginning school. The best time to get these vaccination shots is when your child is 2 months, 4 months, and 12 months old. When your child is 4-6 years old, it is recommended that the receive a booster shot to revamp their immunity.
HiB stands for Haemophilus Influenza type B virus, which has been known to cause severe bacterial meningitis, leading to brain damage and deafness, pneumonia, and even death. This vaccine should be given at 2 months, 4 months, and 6 months (in most cases).
This vaccination prevents against measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella (chicken pox). Children should receive this vaccine after they are 1 year of age and before they are 12 years of age.
If your child is not up to date on any of these important vaccinations, contact your primary care physician immediately to discuss what actions to take. It is necessary for your child to have all these vaccinations done before they start school. Your doctor will be able to recommend the best course of action if you have fallen behind.